Submission of a manuscript to a LASE Journal of Sport Science (the Journal) implies that all authors have read and agreed to its content and that the manuscript conforms to the Journal’s policies.

To give appropriate credit to each author, the individual contributions of authors should be specified in the manuscript.

An 'author' is generally considered to be someone who has made substantive intellectual contributions to a published study. To qualify as an author one should have:

  • made substantial contributions to conception and design, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data;
  • been involved in drafting the manuscript or revising it critically for important intellectual content;
  • given final approval of the version to be published. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content; 
  • agreed to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group, alone, does not usually justify authorship. Please see the Journal Instructions for Authors for information on the format for listing author contribution.

 Changes in authorship

 The Journal requires written confirmation from all authors that they agree with any proposed changes in authorship of submitted manuscripts or published articles. This confirmation must be via direct email from each author. It is the corresponding author’s responsibility to ensure that all authors confirm that they agree with the proposed changes. If there is disagreement amongst the authors concerning authorship and a satisfactory agreement cannot be reached, the authors must contact their institution(s) for a resolution. It is not the Editor’s responsibility to resolve authorship disputes. A change in authorship of a published article can only be amended via publication of a correction of a published text.

 The involvement of scientific  writers or anyone else who assisted with the preparation of the manuscript content should be acknowledged, along with their source of funding, in ‘acknowledgements’ or ‘authors’ contributions’ section as appropriate.

Competing Interests

 The Journal requires authors to declare all competing interests in relation to their work. All submitted manuscripts must include a ‘competing interests’ section at the end of the manuscript listing all competing interests. Where authors have no competing interests, the statement should read “The author(s) declare(s) that they have no competing interests”. The Editor may ask for further information relating to competing interests.

 The Editor and reviewers are also required to declare any competing interests and will be excluded from the peer review process if a competing interest exists.

 Competing interests may be financial or non-financial. A competing interest exists when the authors’ interpretation of data or presentation of information may be influenced by their personal or financial relationship with other people or organizations. Authors should disclose any financial competing interests, and also any non-financial competing interests that may cause them embarrassment if they were to become public after the publication of the article.

Financial competing interests

 Financial competing interests include (but are not limited to):


  • Receiving reimbursements, fees, funding, or salary from an organization that may in any way gain or lose financially from the publication of the article, either now or in the future.
  • Holding stocks or shares in an organization that may in any way gain or lose financially from the publication of the article, either now or in the future.
  • Holding, or currently applying for, patents relating to the content of the manuscript.
  • Receiving reimbursements, fees, funding, or salary from an organization that holds or has applied for patents relating to the content of the manuscript.

Non-financial competing interests

Non-financial competing interests include (but are not limited to) political, personal, religious, ideological, academic, and intellectual competing interests. If, after reading these guidelines, you are unsure whether you have a competing interest, please contact the Editor.

Review and Confidentiality

All research articles, published in the Journal undergo thorough peer review. This involves review by two independent peer reviewers. All submissions to the Journal are assessed by the Editor, who will decide whether they are suitable for peer review. Submissions felt to be suitable for consideration will be sent for peer review with appropriate independent experts. The Editor will make a decision based on the reviewers’ reports and authors are sent these reports along with the editorial decision on their manuscript. Authors should note that even in light of one positive report, concerns raised by another reviewer may fundamentally undermine the study and result in the manuscript being rejected.

The Journal employs a closed peer review process. Reviewers will be treated anonymously and the pre-publication history of each article will not be made available online.

The Editor will treat all manuscripts submitted to the Journal in confidence. Reviewers are also required to treat manuscripts confidentially. The Journal will not share manuscripts with third parties outside the Journal except in cases of suspected misconduct.


All research must have been carried out within an appropriate ethical framework. If there is suspicion that this is not the case, the Editor may reject the manuscript, and/or contact the author institution or the Journal ethics committee. On rare occasions, if the Editor has serious concerns about the ethics of a study, the manuscript may be rejected on ethical grounds, even if approval from an ethics committee has been obtained.

Research involving human subjects or human data

Research involving human subjects or human data, must have been performed in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki and must have been approved by an appropriate ethics committee. A statement detailing this, including the name of the ethics committee and the reference number where appropriate, must appear in all manuscripts reporting such research. If a study has been granted an exemption from requiring ethics approval, this should also be detailed in the manuscript (including the name of the ethics committee that granted the exemption). Further information and documentation to support this should be made available to the Editor on request. Manuscripts may be rejected if the Editor considers that the research has not been carried out within an appropriate ethical framework. In rare cases, the Editor may contact the ethics committee for further information.

Consent for publication of individual participant data

For all research involving human subjects, informed consent to participate in the study should be obtained from participants (or their parent or guardian in the case of children under 16) and a statement to this effect should appear in the manuscript.

For all manuscripts that include details, images, or videos relating to individual participants, written informed consent for the publication of these must be obtained from the participants (or their parent or legal guardian in the case of children under 16) and a statement to this effect should appear in the manuscript. If the participant has died, then consent for publication must be sought from the next of kin of the participant. This documentation must be made available to the Editor on request, and will be treated confidentially. In cases where images are entirely unidentifiable and there are no details on individuals reported within the manuscript, consent for publication of images may not be required. The final decision on whether consent to publish is required lies with the Editor.

Duplicate publication

Any manuscript submitted to the Journal must be original and the manuscript, or substantial parts of it, must not be under consideration by any other journal. In any case where there is the potential for overlap or duplication we require that authors are transparent. Authors should declare any potentially overlapping publications on submission and, where possible, upload these as additional files with the manuscript. Any overlapping publications should be cited. Any ‘in press’ or unpublished manuscript cited, or relevant to Editor’ and reviewers' assessment of the manuscript, should be made available if requested by the Editor. The Journal reserves the right to judge potentially overlapping or redundant publications on a case-by-case basis. In general, the manuscript should not already have been formally published in any journal or in any other citable form. If justified and made clear upon submission, there are exceptions to this rule.


Authors are responsible for the legal correctness of their manuscripts. The Journal has a legal responsibility to ensure that it does not publish material that infringes copyright and accepted norms of ethics.


Research misconduct

In cases of suspected research or publication misconduct, it may be necessary for the Editor to contact and share manuscripts with third parties, for example, author(s)’ institution(s) and ethics committee(s). Adjustments of brightness, contrast, or color balance are acceptable if they do not obscure, eliminate, or misrepresent any information present in the original, including the background. Any questions raised during or after the peer review process will be referred to the Editor, who will request the original data from the author(s) for comparison with the prepared figures. If the original data cannot be produced, the manuscript may be rejected or, in the case of a published article, retracted. Any case in which the manipulation affects the interpretation of the data will result in rejection or retraction. Cases of suspected misconduct will be reported to the author(s)’ institution(s).

Corrections and retractions

Rarely, it may be necessary for the Journal to publish corrections to, or retractions of, articles published in its issues, so as to maintain the integrity of the academic record. The corrections to, or retractions of, published articles will be made by publishing a correction of a published text.

Appeals or complaints

Authors have the right to appeal rejection of their manuscript. Appeals should be based on the scientific content of the manuscript and its suitability for publication rather than concerns about the process. Authors wishing to appeal a rejection should contact the Editor of the Journal. Authors should note that new submissions are prioritized over appeals, so authors may not receive a decision on their appeal immediately. The Editor decision on the appeal is final.

Authors wishing to make a complaint should, in the first instance, contact the Editor who will make them aware of the Journal complaints procedure. For complaints that cannot be resolved with the Editor (for example, complaints about the Editor himself), the authors should contact the publisher of the Journal.